Cannabis, also known as marijuana, is a drug that induces a variety of psychological and physical effects. The main chemical responsible for the majority of the psychoactive actions in cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol. It can be found between 5% to 15%.
The main argument in favor of legalizing marijuana is that it will take its production out of illegal hands and be under the control of legal authorities. The process of production would be regulated and authorities could examine the quality, purity as well as the potency of chemicals prior to distribution to the public. Furthermore, taxes on cannabis products might be levied to boost the revenue of the state.
In close proximity to this argument is the notion that the legalization of marijuana will lead to the better allocation of resources by police. In some areas the criminalization of marijuana has resulted in appalling prison conditions for minor offenders. This, in turn, diverts the police from combating violent crime.
Legalization allows authorities to control the distribution process. It is possible to establish quality standards so that drugs are not distributed to children in schools who may mistake them for candy. Dealers currently have no motivation to avoid selling illegal drugs to young children. The government would have the power to impose taxes on marijuana, and provide them with some of the earnings from the sale or production of marijuana. The reduction in crime legalization will result with a decrease in state expenditures as a result of the less need for police.
The government would be able regulate the effects of marijuana production on the environment, if legalization is approved. Many are concerned that marijuana production on a large scale will result in deforestation, soil erosion, depletion, pollution by chemicals, and land loss. If state authorities are allowed to monitor cultivation techniques that cause negative environmental effects, they can be reduced or eliminated.
Legalization could lead to better knowledge about marijuana. These programs could be aimed towards children and teenagers and inform them about possible harmful side effects from the use of marijuana. Instead of being concealed from customers by dealers in the business who have no incentive to keep them up to date, information about legal use of marijuana would be available to anyone with a desire to learn more about their effects.
Legalization could also enable the state to control and tax the illegal drug trade. Legalization could lead to higher revenue for the state, and also the decrease of crime and negative social effects. The environmental negative effects of marijuana production could be mitigated or avoided by authorities of the state who would be monitoring cultivation techniques and growing locations. More education about marijuana consumption could help people to make informed choices about it.
In the end there are many arguments for legalizing marijuana and very few against it. Criminalization’s negative consequences are far more significant than any positive benefits that may come from it. For all these reasons, it is obvious that the government should allow the production, distribution, and consumption of marijuana for personal recreational purpose.
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