Terpenes in cannabis are the essential oils that give the cannabis strains their unique aromas. Terpenes aid our bodies to take in and use cannabinoids’ therapeutic effects. They also modify or moderate some of the effects of cannabinoids like THC.
Terpenes are just as important as cannabinoids?
Cannabis terpenes and cannabinoids are a pair that work together to bring us the full effect of cannabis strains. Terpenes are typically extracted from plant material such as pine needles or citrus rinds. Essential oils for aromatherapy may be utilized, however they aren’t very common. Terpenes may also come from animals or even insects.
In most cases, they’re distilled from plant material. There are over 200 terpenes present in cannabis which give rise to distinctive scents and tastes. Terpenes play a role in the scents of lavender and lemon. Terpenes are a plant’s natural defense mechanism, and they were used as food additives for centuries to improve the taste of many different foods.
Cannabis terpenes not only help in the scent and flavor of cannabis but also offer therapeutic effects. Researchers believe that terpenes may be responsible for a variety of distinctive characteristics of a strain. They have been found to have positive effects on migraines as well as stress, inflammation, mood swings, and other conditions.
Terpenes and cannabinoids are linked to receptors within our brains and the body. They control mood and memory patterns, appetite sleep patterns, and other functions. When combined with cannabinoids, terpenes can magnify the benefits of cannabis while reducing some adverse effects.
These chemical compounds work together to enhance your medical marijuana experience. They also produce an even longer-lasting and more powerful relief. Different combinations of cannabis can affect patients differently. A plant that is rich in CBD may not have any psychoactive effects, however it’s hard to determine what terpenes specific to a particular strain will do to patients.
The most common cannabis terpenes and their benefits
1. Alpha-pinene, the most prominent terpene, is that can be found in pine needles sage and has a distinct evergreen aroma. It is also present in rosemary, dill as well as parsley and basil. In the majority of cannabis strains, alpha-pinene is found in very small amounts, however it has been reported that strains that contain higher levels of alpha-pinene are associated with better concentration and memory.
2. Beta-myrcene: The terpene that is found in this to the smell of hops and thyme and may also be an anti-inflammatory. Myrcene can also be found in lemongrass, mangoes and thyme. Myrcene’s sedative properties may aid in the treatment of restless leg syndrome, insomnia or restless leg.
3. Limonene Lemongrass Peppermint, lemongrass, and cannabis contain large amounts of limonene. It creates a distinctive lemony aroma, which also is antidepressant and has anticancer properties.
4. Linalool: Linalool can be described as a chemical found in rosewood mint, coriander and the birch tree. Linalool is a good ingredient for treating depression and anxiety and has tranquilizing effects. Some people report feeling sluggish after using cannabis strains with significant levels of Linalool.
5. Caryophyllene is the only terpene known to bind to cannabinoid receptors. This is the reason clove has its distinct aroma. It also adds a spicy element to a plant, caryophyllene has been proven to be anti-inflammatory, and effective in dealing with anxiety.
To learn more, click types of cannabis terpenes